New Autos

New This is how China’s auto market began

( Motorsport-Total. com/Motor1)– China is presently the world’s biggest car manufacturer: producing 26 million cars, trucks and buses a year (the second-largest United States, with 16 million cars a year). It took the auto giant years to reveal what it was made of.

Dongfeng CA71


The very first cars and truck factory was the state-owned First Automobile Works (FAW), which started production of the Jiefang CA-10 truck in Changchun in 1956– a regional variation of the Soviet ZIS-150, which in turn was an American copy International harvester for WWII K series.

Liberating the production of the CA-10 belonged to the very first five-year strategy developed by the Mao Zedong federal government in 1953, preparing for China’s industrialization. This began the production of more than a thousand brand-new items in your area (for the next couple of years, this durable Sino-Soviet truck would show itself in all fields and would stay in service till 1986).

Excited by the boost in industrialization, Mao Zedong asked at a conference of the Politburo of the CPC Central Committee: “When can we drive our own vehicle to this conference?” Another objective for FAW employees has actually been released.

Reverse Engineering

Everything is done rapidly. Glass partitions have actually been set up on the FAW truck assembly line to separate the area for the group accountable for automobile research study and advancement. In June 1957, reverse engineering started to construct models– the only possible service provided the seriousness and limited technical resources in China at the time.

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Simca Vedette Régence (Brother of Chambord) imported from France as a recommendation for design and percentages. In simply 4 days and 4 nights, the style group finished the job of providing Chinese designs their own faces. Considering that there were no prefab stamped parts, the body of the model was machined with a hammer.

The four-cylinder engine with a displacement of 1.9 liters and valve control in the cylinder head was drawn from the reliable Mercedes 190 (W120 “Ponton” generation) and took 3 days to put together. The three-speed transmission was separately established by FAW, and the very first transmission was finished in 7 days.

Everything is handcrafted in the Changchun workshop with regional functions: taillights imitated ancient Chinese lanterns, silk trim panels, the words “China First Automobile Factory” on the fenders, and a golden dragon adorning the hood.

The model was called Dongfeng CA71: “Dongfeng” indicates east wind– motivated by Mao Zedong’s example in his speech that the east wind overwhelms the west wind. “CA” means Chinese cars, “7” for automobile, and “1” for the very first generation.

Great Helmsman Test Drive

In May 1958, a paper on the other side of the world even ran the following news: “The very first Chinese-made cars and truck rolled off the Changchun factory on May 12.

The vehicle, poetically called Ostwind, showed in intense red, with a properly designed body and a dragon on the radiator as if to represent its native land, has every possible high-end (radio, cold and hot air, and so on). With 70 hp, the vehicle reaches 128 km/h, weighs 1,230 kg, and takes in 9 to 10 liters per 100 kilometers.

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In the exact same month, the very first model was sent out to Beijing, in the nick of time for the Eighth National Congress of the Communist Party of China. The CA71 was presented to Mao who revealed terrific interest in sedans. In a blink of an eye, vehicle No. 1 had actually taken the rear seats and travelled through Zhongnanhai, where the federal government lies.

” Now we have our own cars and truck,” The Big Helmsman commemorated with a smile after a brief drive.

The next day, it was the turn of Premier Zhou Enlai (who was likewise the Minister of Foreign Affairs) to consult with the Dongfeng. When he discovered that the engine was copied from a Mercedes-Benz, he carte blanche for cloning: “Foreigners copy each other,” he is stated to have actually stated. “But duplication needs to be smart.”

Task has actually been put

However, after 30 models were hand-built, the Dongfeng CA71 job was ditched. The job of producing mid-size sedans as main cars or taxis was turned over to the Shanghai Auto Tractor Company, now SAIC, which was more efficient in mass-producing cars (as much as 5,000 cars each year …).

The Phoenix model (Fenix) came out from Shanghai Auto in 1958, and its mechanics were imitated the Soviet Pobeda M20 and the Polish FSO Warszawa. It wasn’t till 1964 that the last cars and truck struck the market: the SH760, China’s very first mass-produced mid-size sedan.

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The Phoenix model in the last variation has practically absolutely nothing– the SH760 has a six-cylinder engine and an out-of-date main body area Mercedes 220 (W180) Ponton was “motivated”.

The grille and stern were delegated Chinese imagination. Shanghai Auto’s very first design will stay in production till 1991, and current designs have a plastic body that does not conceal the appearance of a 1950 s Mercedes.

Red flag in focus

After the Dongfeng CA71 job was cancelled, FAW concentrated on producing trucks and huge Hongqi sedans for military parades or carrying foreign authorities. The beginning point for these sedans was the big American sedan constructed by Chrysler, the model for the 1955 Imperial C69

The high-end sedan called after the Hongqi CA72 was produced in little batches– from 1959 to 1965, for instance, just198 Its engine is a 5.4-liter V8 Hemi, a reproduction of Chrysler.Today, China’s “parade vehicle” originates from the brand name warning And share a few of the visual appeals of the CA72 Pioneer vehicle. They are the commercial pride of this nation.

However, the huge bulk of the population continues to cycle.China’s auto market didn’t actually remove up until the 1980 s– a group of Brazilians took a trip to Shanghai to teach the Chinese how to drive a Volkswagen at the SAIC factory Santana produces. That’s another story.

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